I just read the report mentioned above. My question is this - it appears there are 2 specific types of cancer of the bladder, one being invasive and one non-invasive. Two specific types. If non-invasive is left untreated does it turn into invasive or does it stay in the bladder lining?
"So now we have two lines of evidence indicating that the bladder stem cells are solely responsible for tumorigenesis,” Shin said. “When we mark the bladder stem cells, the tumors are also marked. When we remove, or ablate, the stem cells, no tumors arise after BBN treatment.”
Next the researchers tackled the question of whether bladder cancers arise as the result of genetic changes to one or more of these bladder stem cells. To do so, they used a genetically engineered mouse with cells that fluoresce green, but which can be triggered to randomly fluoresce one of three other colors: red, blue or yellow. Known as a “rainbow mouse,” the animal allows researchers to more precisely determine the origin of groups of cells. If all cells in a tumor are red, for example, it is much more likely that they originated from a single cell.
“After four months of BBN treatment,” Beachy said, “we’d most often see just one color dominating the entire epithelium. This clearly indicates that a single cell has taken over the lining of the entire bladder, elbowing out its neighbors in a way that’s not been seen in other organs.”