Last year (December) dad complained he had to go pee too often. He works long shifts, and would have to go pee every few hours. He's 70 and he thought he was having prostate issues (like all old people). He went to GP to get blood work done (January). It showed normal PSA (3.5). GP sent him to urologist. Urologist checked him out and sent him to ultrasound. The ultrasound specialist discovered a 3cm large tumor in his bladder. Dad went back to urologist. This urologist didn't specialize in tumors so he sent my dad to another urologist who specializes in oncology (February). This uro-oncologist did said this 3cm tumor was probably growing for 2-3 years. He immediately performed cytology (urine sample test) and sent dad to CT. Cytology came back negative (no malignant cells in urine) but CT confirmed ultrasound and also showed that tumor hasn't escaped the bladder. We went back to uro-oncologist and a week later (late February) we had first TURBT.
The role of TURBT is to cut out the cancer and take samples for biopsy (pathology).
It was a successful TURBT. A few days later dad was out of hospital without pain or complications.
A week later uro-oncologist called and said it was a malignant tumor and that he already has setup a repeated TURBT in 6 weeks. (This is standard procedure. The second TURBT ensures first one was done cleanly.)
We went to pathologist to get pathology report. It said there were not one, not two, but three cancers! One was the original 3cm one connected with a 2cm one - T1-Grade-2. Then there was another bladder neck cancer (it just said Grade1), and a third cancer - lymphoma cancer also on the bladder wall or neck.
We were relieved as none of the cancers were muscle invasive, which gives us much higher chance of cure and bladder preservation.
Then we talked with uro-oncologist and he said he cleaned it all up and we should get ready for repeated TURBT.
In mid March my dad had second TURBT. After 2nd TURBT the doctor said everything looked super clean, which was great to hear.
This time doctor prescribed antibotics (Nitrofurantoin) for 10 days and my dad was feeling a bit weak for this time. Two days after finishing antibiotics my dad was again super strong and feeling fantastic without any pain or complications.
Tomorrow I am finding the 2nd TURBT pathology results. We're going to meet the doctor early in the morning.
Please check back in this forum section for my new thread about dad's status.
Alan, thanks for your great response. It's very useful information.
After having read so much information, it often seems to me cancer is the wrong term for it in early stages. Often it's curable by just one cut (and i am not talking just about bladder cancer, skin cancer too for example, you just make a cut around it and it's removed).
Overall this experience with my dad's cancer has made me a stronger man myself as I understand the real meaning behind the word cancer.